The optometrist is the first contact for ocular conditions. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. In the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need, the realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error has provide optometry to play a major part. An important role they play in integrating optometry for prevention of blindness. Optometrists have been the major providers of vision correction. An optometrist in clinical practice examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases.
The medical history of a patient they take and note down their visual needs. Of treatable blindness, the second leading cause is uncorrected refractive error. In correcting refractive error, usually optometrists play a major role.
They perform various eye tests to children and adults. To correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision they provide low vision aid, vision therapy and rehabilitation.
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They assess and measure the amount of deviation of the eyes. Also they perform tests to determine depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes. An optometrist can be the first person to diagnose glaucoma after checking the intra ocular pressure. A community optometrist can be the first one a patient who is concerned about their vision visit. Dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also, they supervise apart from correcting refractive errors. To patients who have disfigured eyes, optometrists provide cosmetic support by fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells.
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A patient’s eyes will be examined, their sight tested and advise given on visual problems by an optometrist. When need be they also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses. Different types of optometrists are there. High street company optometrists are there who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems, and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses. Hospital or clinic optometrists there are. To treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions these ones work alongside ophthalmologists.
Laboratory or university optometrists are the last group. Usually, they are undertaking research into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eye sight. Optometrists usually write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. Examining the patient’s eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects they also do. Of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. For the people with visual disabilities there has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologists so as to provide the best eye care.