Benefits of Carbon Neutral Technology Such as Biomass
Biomass energy is one of the carbon neutral technology. Animal and plant natural is the main raw material required for the production of biomass energy. Biomass energy production emits zero carbon to the environment, therefore, protects the atmosphere from harm than fossil fuel. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. To reduce carbon and sulfur emission to the atmosphere, the use of biomass energy should be encouraged and fossil fuels abandoned.
Biomass conversion can be achieved through co-firing or gasification.Cofiring which involves the direct combustion of coal together with biomass to produce energy. Cofiring method is encouraged than gasification because it results in production of very minimal amount of sulfur and carbon. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. Therefore the products that are obtained from the process of gasification goes through a series of steps to convert them to the user required.
Apart from carbon neutrality another benefit that comes with use of biomass is reduced amount of methane produced. The presence of methane in the atmosphere leads to global warming by destroying the ozone layer. Methane that is produced as a result of decomposition of plant and animal organic matter is converted to energy. Biomass production also makes use of the large volume of plant and animal wastes before it is converted to harmful carbon dioxide reducing the need for landfill sites. Biomass being readily available it is used as a source of energy in most of the developing countries except for desert areas. Sectors that lack enough natural energy resources can build biomass plants for electricity.
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In comparison with solar and geothermal energy, biomass energy is more reliable. Since it is independent of sunlight and wind, biomass energy can be produced in many sectors. Company biomass waste can also be converted to energy that can be used in running machinery without relying on an external source reducing the costs of operation.
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The waste from the plants and animals are taken to the pellet mills to convert them to forms that can be transformed to energy. Good biomass pellet mills is defined by its capability to handle a variety of plant and animal wastes. The efficiency and productivity of the pallet mill depends on the amount of moisture that is present in the raw material and the size of the particle.