Biomass is one of the sources of energy that is carbon neutral. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy is friendlier to the environment compared to other sources of energy such as fossil fuel this is because it is carbon neutral. To retain the volume of carbon dioxide required in the atmosphere, biomass should be produced responsibly in a way that no carbon is emitted to the air. Apart from zero production of coal, biomass produces minimal amounts of sulfur that in turn prevents acidic rain. To reduce carbon and sulfur emission to the atmosphere, the use of biomass energy should be encouraged and fossil fuels abandoned.
Cofiring and gasification are the methods that are used during the conversion of biomass. Cofiring refers to the direct combustion of biomass and coal that results to production of energy. Cofiring is advantageous as compared to gasification as it reduces the amount of carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide emitted. Gasification takes place at high pressures that results to conversion of animal and plant feedstock to products that can be converted to energy. The products of gasification are then converted to energy through a series of steps while using heat exchangers and scrubbers.
Another advantage of using biomass energy is the reduced cost methane produced which is a hydrocarbon compound. The presence of methane in the atmosphere leads to global warming by destroying the ozone layer. During the decomposition of organic matter of plants and animals to produce biomass, methane is used to generate energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Biomass energy can be utilized in a wide range of areas except for the desert areas where the plants cannot quickly grow. Biomass also produces power energy and therefore can be used to generate power in areas with insufficient resources.
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Biomass is a more reliable source of energy as compared to other forms such as solar power and geothermal energy. It does not rely upon on the sun or wind making it applicable to many areas. Company biomass waste can also be converted to energy that can be used in running machinery without relying on an external source reducing the costs of operation.
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Biomass pellet mills are responsible for the conversion of the animal and plant waste into a form that can be easily converted to energy. Pellet mills are built to handle the processing of wide range of wastes. The amount of humidity and size of particle of animal and plant waste also determines the effectiveness of the biomass pellet mill.